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SA8000/ISO26000

SA8000

在过去几年间,全世界对于制造业于社会上的影响的意识不断提高。新闻标题上的恐怖意外和不人道的商业行为促使消费者不只注重产品本身,还着重产品的生产过程。环境污染、危险工作环境和童工问题成为制造商重要的题目。SA8000是一个由CEPAA制定和推动,用于工商业对保护员工基本权利等社会责任的通用管理体系标准;它适用于各企业及承包商,尤其是大规模企业和跨国公司。对已实施ISO 9000、ISO 14000或OHSAS18000的厂商而言,建立SA 8000将不致造成您管理上的负担,甚可提升全方位的管理效率,因SA 8000系统架构可与ISO 9000、ISO 14000或OHSAS18000相结合。In the past years, there has been an increase of awareness of social aspects of manufacturing around the world. Triggered by news headlines on terrible accidents and inhuman business practices, consumers now focus not just on the product itself anymore but also on the way the products are made. Environmental pollution, dangerous working conditions and child labor are now important topics to be addressed by manufacturers.

社会责任审核的要素Elements of social audits

SA8000标准包括以下几方面:Standards for social compliance usually cover a variety of areas

童工Child labor:儿童不得工作Child labor: no worker by child labor

强迫性劳动Forced labor:下班后,员工可以离开工作地方,不可以扣留身分证或保证金,不可聘用囚犯为劳工workers can leave premises after working hours, no withholding of ID cards or deposits, no prison labor

健康及安全Health and safety:安全机械、保护衣服、足够通风、处理危险物质、走火信道、急救用品、清洁的洗手间和可饮用水safe machinery, protective clothing, adequate ventilation, handling of dangerous substances, accessible fire exits, first aid, sanitary toilets, potable drinking water

结社自由Freedom of association:员工可自由结社和享有集体谈判权workers can exercise their legal rights to form unions and bargain collectively

歧视Discrimination:不得对性别、种族、年龄、工会作出歧视,不得有性骚扰:no discrimination based on gender, race, age, union membership; no sexual harassment

惩罚政策Disciplinary practices:不可受到身体和心理上的暴力no physical and psychological violence

工作时间Working hours:遵守地方法律、自愿性超时工作、足够休息时间compliance with local laws, voluntary overtime, adequate rest time

薪酬Wages:支付最低工资,准时支付酬金,合理收取食宿费,不可无理克扣工资payment of legal minimum, timely payment, reasonable charges for food or housing, no disciplinary deductions

管理系统Management systems:管理政策的定义和定期检讨,管理人员和工人代表的约会,供货商和承包商的管制definition and regular review of management policy, appointment of management and workers representatives, control of suppliers and sub-contractors

导入SA8000的好处Benefits of social compliance

研究指出对负上社会责任的公司带来重要的好处,好处如下Research and anecdotal evidence shows that there are significant business benefits to socially responsible companies. Among these benefits are:

建立新市场和新顾客〈例如:美国,西欧〉Development of new markets and new customers (e.g. USA, Western Europe)

达成来源和投资要求Fulfillment of sourcing and investment requirements

保留员工和提高工作表现Greater employee retention and enhanced performance

提高产品质素和生产力Better product quality and productivity

改善及保持声誉Improvement and protection of reputation